Neuro-gastroenterology is the study of the complex relationship between the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system, with reference to the interactions and management of gastrointestinal motility. Neuro-gastroenterology helps in the understanding of the functions of the parasympathetic, sympathetic, and enteric divisions of the gastrointestinal tract. Neurons are present on every surface of our body. It is due to these neurons that we feel, and are able to carry out of the voluntary and involuntary actions. Similarly, neurons are also found on the gastrointestinal surfaces. It is due to these neurons that we can swallow the food, and which is then taken to the different organs for their functioning, which in turn is again coordinated by the brain. The peristalsis, which is the symmetrical contractions and relaxations of the muscles found in the smooth muscles throughout the digestive tract, helps to propel the food contents throughout the digestive system. The segmentation is the contraction in the smooth muscles that helps in the churning of the intestinal juices to produce chime for absorption is also coordinated by the nerve impulses. The secretion of the intestinal juices and enzymes is regulated by the cholinergic neurons that are present in the digestive walls. 

  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Parasympathetic division
  • Sympathetic division
  • Enteric division
  • Peristaltic reflex
  • Reflux hypersensitivity
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Motor, sensory and functional GI disorders

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